Squalane vs squalene are both naturally occurring substances found in the body and in certain plants. While these two substances may sound similar, they have distinct differences that can impact their use in skincare.
In this article, we will explore the differences between squalane vs squalene and their benefits in skincare.
What Is Squalene?
Squalene is a natural oil found in many plants and animals, including humans. It is produced by sebaceous glands in the skin, and it plays a vital role in maintaining skin health by moisturizing and protecting the skin from damage caused by environmental factors such as UV radiation and pollution.
However, the use of squalene in skincare products is not without controversy, as it is sometimes derived from shark liver oil.
What Is Squalane?
Squalane, on the other hand, is a hydrogenated version of squalene, meaning that it has been processed to remove unsaturated fatty acids, making it more stable and less likely to oxidize.
This makes it a more suitable ingredient for use in skincare products, as it is less likely to cause skin irritation.
Benefits of Squalane in Skincare
In recent years, squalane has become a popular ingredient in skincare products, and for good reason.
Studies have shown that squalane has a number of benefits for the skin, including its ability to improve skin hydration, reduce inflammation, and boost skin elasticity.
One study published in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology found that squalane was effective at improving skin hydration levels in a group of participants with dry skin. The study showed that after four weeks of using a squalane-containing moisturizer, participants had a significant increase in skin hydration levels compared to those using a placebo moisturizer.
Squalane has also been found to have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help to reduce redness and irritation in the skin.
A study published in the Journal Biomolecules & Therapeutics found that squalane was effective at reducing inflammation in a group of mice with atopic dermatitis, a chronic inflammatory skin condition.
In addition to its hydrating and anti-inflammatory properties, squalane has also been shown to have a positive effect on skin elasticity.
A study published in the Journal of Dermatological Science found that squalane was effective at improving skin elasticity in a group of participants with aged skin. The study showed that after four weeks of using a squalane-containing cream, participants had a significant increase in skin elasticity compared to those using a placebo cream.